Who Was Honest John Sparks?


They called him “Honest John Sparks,” according to a Nevada Historical Society report. He was governor of Nevada and the namesake of the budding city of Sparks. The municipality was only three years old at the time (1908).

In 1970, with pride in the character of the man for whom the city was named, the Sparks Jaycees changed the name of the annual Labor Day celebration to “Governor John Sparks Day.”

“Not many people know that Sparks was named after a rather famous westerner,” Mike Schultz, Jaycee spokesman said that year; “most people think that Sparks refers to some aspect of railroading.”

History does not accurately attest to the “honesty” of the cattle baron John Sparks. However, the fact that he came from average means to great wealth, not once, but several times in his lifetime, might indicate that he was a hard-working, sincere, honest entrepreneur. One report, from the files of the Sparks Tribune, refers to the governor as “public spirited, generous.”

John Sparks came to Nevada in 1868, at the age of 25, after pioneering cattle domain in Wyoming with his partner John Tinnin. The pair purchased Thousand Springs Valley in northeastern Elko County and soon bought out their neighbor Barley Harrell. Their range then extended from the Snake River to Idaho to Pilot Peak in eastern Elko County to the summit of the Salmon River range, a territory equal in size to the states of Connecticut, Delaware, Rhode Island and half of New Jersey.

When asked how many cattle he owned, Sparks said, “We leave those matters to the county assessor, and he comes around once a year. It is an unwritten law that a cattleman never talks of the size of his herd.”

Upgrading cattle became his special interest, and he decided to develop his own pure bloodlines in a herd on his Reno property, the Alamo Stock Farm, which was five miles south on Virginia Street.

Herefords became the chief breeding stock, and in a few short years, Sparks proved that Nevada could produce creatures other than coyotes and jackrabbits. He later imported Hereford stock directly from England.

One of his less successful operations came when he ventured into mining north of this city. He purchased the Wedekind Mines from George Wedekind for $155,000. The mine operated for a very brief period.

As a matter of record, Governor Sparks was a Southerner by origin and breeding. He bore arms for the South during the “Great War of the rebellion,” and one of his special delights in later years was recounting the tales of the “great army” of General Robert E. Lee.

A life-long Democrat, he became Governor of Nevada in 1902 and was reelected in 1904. He died in 1908 and is buried in Mountain View Cemetery in Reno. His name is enshrined in Oklahoma City’s Hall of Fame of Great Westerners.

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